Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 is “Power Sharing”. Get here the latest updated NCERT Solutions of Power Sharing Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 as per latest CBSE syllabus.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 : Power Sharing
“Power Sharing” is the first chapter in the Political Science book of Social Science Subject for Class 10 Political Science . This chapter includes the End Exercise and Intext questions related to – Belgium and Sri Lanka, Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka, Accommodation in Belgium, Forms of power-sharing, etc.
Power Sharing Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 [ NCERT Solutions ]
|Chapter||Chapter 1 : Power Sharing|
|Subject||Political Science – Social Science|
|Study Material||NCERT Solution ( Intext and End Exercise )|
|Number of Questions||Total 9 Questions|
|Text Book Name||Democratic Politics – II|
( NCERT Text Book in Political Science for Class 10 )
End Exercise Questions Ncert Solutions
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Question 1 :
What are the different forms of power sharing in modern democracies? Give an example of each of these.
In modern democracies , power sharing can take many forms which are as under :
A.) Power Sharing among different organs of government :
1. It is also known as horizontal power sharing.
2. This arrangement is also called system of checks and balances, as different organs can check functionality of others.
3. In this, organs of government such as legislature executive and judiciary are placed same level to exercise different powers.
4. Example : If any high court orders its state government to take any action then it shows power sharing among different organs of government.
B) Power Sharing among government at different levels :
1. This arrangement is also called federal division of power.
2. It is also known as vertical power sharing as power is shared by the government at different levels.
3. In this , government is placed from top to bottom, like central government then state government and so on.
4. Example : Power is shared in India by Union government, state government, municipality panchayat, etc. It is an example of power sharing among government at different levels.
In this power is given by constitution.
C) Power sharing among different social groups :
1. In this , power is among different religious and linguistic groups.
2. This type of power sharing is done to give space in the government and administration to diverse social groups.
3. This method is applied to give minority communities a fair share.
4. Example : Reserved constituencies or reservations in India and community government in Belgium are example for power sharing among different social groups.
D) Power sharing among political parties , pressure groups and movements :
1. In this, powers can be shred among different political parties as the form alliances to contest elections.
2. Power can also be shared among different interest groups as those of traders, businessman, farmers , workers, etc.
3. Example : Coalition government is the best example for this kind of power sharing.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Question 2 :
State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power sharing with an example from the Indian context.
1. Prudential reason : Sharing power to reduce the possibility of conflicts between social groups . In India this has been done by reserving seats in parliament , state legislature and government services for the members of SC and ST.
2. Moral reasons : Moral reason for power sharing is good for democracies because it is very sprint of democracy . In India , members from different political parties get elected to the legislature and participate in the working of the government.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Question 3 : After reading this chapter, three students drew different conclusions. Which of these do you agree with and why? Give your reasons in about 50 words.
Thomman – Power sharing is necessary only in societies which have religious, linguistic or ethnic divisions.
Mathayi – Power sharing is suitable only for big countries that have regional divisions.
Ouseph – Every society needs some form of power sharing even if it is small or does not have social divisions.
Answer : Ouseph is correct. We agree to his/her statement. Every society needs some form of power sharing even if it is small or does not have social divisions.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Question 4 :
The Mayor of Merchtem, a town near Brussels in Belgium, has defended a ban on speaking French in the town’s schools. He said that the ban would help all non-Dutch speakers integrate in this Flemish town.
Do you think that this measure is in keeping with the spirit of Belgium’s power sharing arrangements? Give your reasons in about 50 words
Answer : Students have to write his/her own thoughts.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Question 5 : Read the following passage and pick out any one of the prudential reasons for power sharing offered in this.
“We need to give more power to the panchayats to realise the dream of Mahatma Gandhi and the hopes of the makers of our Constitution.
Panchayati Raj establishes true democracy. It restores power to the only place where power belongs in a democracy – in the hands of the people. Giving power to Panchayats is also a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative efficiency.
When people participate in the planning and implementation of developmental schemes, they would naturally exercise greater control over these schemes. This would eliminate the corrupt middlemen. Thus, Panchayati Raj will strengthen the foundations of our democracy.“
Giving power to Panchayats is also a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative efficiency.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Question 6 :
Different arguments are usually put forth in favour of and against power sharing. Identify those which are in favour of power sharing and select the answer using the codes given below?
A. reduces conflict among different communities
B. decreases the possibility of arbitrariness
C. delays decision making process
D. accommodates diversities
E. increases instability and divisiveness
F. promotes people’s participation in government
G. undermines the unity of a country
Answer : Option [ a ] “A B D F “ is correct.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Question 7 :
Consider the following statements about power sharing arrangements in Belgium and Sri Lanka.
A. In Belgium, the Dutch-speaking majority people tried to impose their domination on the minority French-speaking community.
B. In Sri Lanka, the policies of the government sought to ensure the dominance of the Sinhala-speaking majority.
C. The Tamils in Sri Lanka demanded a federal arrangement of power sharing to protect their culture, language and equality of opportunity in education and jobs.
D. The transformation of Belgium from unitary government to a federal one prevented a possible division of the country on linguistic lines
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) A, B, C and D
(b) A, B and D
(c) C and D
(d) B, C and D
Answer : Option [ d ] ” B,C and D” is correct.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Question 8 :
Match List I (forms of power sharing) with List II (forms of government) and select the correct answer using the codes given below in the lists
|List I||List II|
|1.||Power shared among different organs of government||A. Community government|
|2.||Power shared among governments at different levels||B. Separation of powers|
|3.||Power shared by different social groups||C. Coalition government|
|4.||Power shared by two or more political parties||D. Federal government|
Answer : Option [ c ] ” B D A C” is correct
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Question 9 :
Consider the following two statements on power sharing and select the answer using the codes given below:
A. Power sharing is good for democracy.
B. It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups.
Which of these statements are true and false?
(a) A is true but B is false
(b) Both A and B are true
(c) Both A and B are false
(d) A is false but B is true
Answer :Option [ b ] ” Both A and B are true” is correct