Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 is “Political Parties”. Get here the latest updated NCERT Solutions of Political Parties Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 as per latest CBSE syllabus.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 : Political Parties
“Political Parties” is the sixth chapter in the Political Science book of Social Science Subject for Class 10 Political Science. This chapter includes the End Exercise and Intext questions related to – Why do we need political parties?, How many parties should we have?, National parties, State parties, etc.
Political Parties Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 [NCERT Solutions ]
|Chapter||Chapter 6 : Political Parties|
|Subject||Political Science – Social Science|
|Study Material||NCERT Solution ( Intext and End Exercise )|
|Number of Questions||Total 10 Questions|
|Text Book Name||Democratic Politics – II|
( NCERT Text Book in Political Science for Class 10 )
End Exercise Questions Ncert Solutions
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Question 1 :
State the various functions political parties perform in a democracy.
Functions of Political parties performed in a democracy are as under :-
1. Contest elections : In Most democracies , elections are contested by the candidates nominated by Political party. Parties select their candidate by using different methods. For example , In the USA members and supporters of the party choose them. Now many countries are following this method.
In India they are chosen by the part leaders.
2. Policies and programmes : There are always some economic and social problems in a country . Political parties put forward their views and policies before the people and suggest ways to solve the problem. usually parties have their research wings and think – tanks to guide them . A particular party group together views of people and make a policy . The ruling party is expected to follow this policy.
3. Making Laws : Laws are passed in the legislature by its members . Most of these members belong to political parties. They follow the directions of the party leadership rather than their own opinion.
4. Parties Form and Run Government : All the major decision of the government are taken by the political executive, which comes from political parties. Parties appoint minister and run government after winning elections.
5. Role of oppositions : Those parties which loose the election act as opposition parties. They tell people about wrong policies or failure. They mobilise people against decision of the government.
6. Shape Public Opinion : Political Parties act through their active members and pressure group. They launch movements for the people and try to get their support in favour of their policies .
7. Link between people and govt. machinery : -Political parties act as a link between the people and the government . It is easy for a common man to approach a local party leader than government official. Parties listen to the people , otherwise people can reject these parties in the next election.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Question 2 :
What are the various challenges faced by political parties?
Various challenges faced by political parties are as under :
1. lack of internal democracy : Nearly all the political parties in the worls face this problem. The lack of internal democracy in the political part is visible from the following facts –
a) Parties don’t keep membership registers.
b) Parties don’t conduct internal elections regularly.
c) Parties don’t hold organisational meetings.
d) Ordinary members of the part don’t get sufficient information or what happens inside the party.
e) Ordinary members don’t paly any role in decision making.
f) All the powers are held by the top leaders and they take all important decision of the party.
2. Dynastic Succession : It’s a feature common to all the political party, at the national and state level and also at international level. Top positions in the party become hereditary. Other members can’t ever aspire to reach these position. This is against the norms of a democratic society.
3. Growing Role of Money and Muscle Power : The role of money and muscle power is the ruse in almost all political parties. Those with money and muscle power begin to control the various organs of the party and through these they work as pressure group with in the party.
4. No meaningful choice before the voters : if one looks closely at different parties, there is hardly any meaningful difference between the policies and programs of different political parties.
For example : the labour part and conservative party have a very little difference. This same is true for India also. There is no difference among the major political parties on economic issues . Sometimes people find same set of leaders in different parties as leaders keep changing their parties.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Question 3 :
Suggest some reforms to strengthen parties so that they perform their functions well?
1. A law should be made to regulate the internal affairs of political parties. It should be made compulsory for political parties to maintain a register of its members, to follow its own constitution, to have an independent authority, to act as a judge in case of party disputes, to hold open elections to the highest posts
2. It should be made mandatory for political parties to give a minimum number of tickets, about one-third, to women candidates. Similarly, there should be a quota for women in the decision making bodies of the party
3. There should be state funding of elections. The government should give parties money to support their election expenses. This support could be given in kind: petrol, paper, telephone etc. Or it could be given in cash on the basis of the votes secured by the party in the last election.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Question 4 :
What is a political party?
A political party is a group of people who come together through constitution to contest elections and hold power to control the government . They agree on some policies with a view to promote the collective good. A political party 3 components : – leaders, active members and the followers .
Example of Political parties : B.J.P , INC, etc
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Question 5 :
What are the characteristics of a political party?
Characteristics of Political Parties
1. It’s an organised group of people coming together to contest elections and share power.
2. it agrees on policies and programmes for the society with a view to promote collective good.
3. It seeks to implement these policies by winning popular support through elections.
4. It reflects a fundamental political division of the society .
5. It is known by which policies it supports and whose interest it upholds.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Question 6 :
A group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government is called a ____________________ .
Answer : Political Party.
A group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government is called a Political Party.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Question 7 :
Match List I (organisations and struggles) with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
|List I||List II|
|1.||Congress Party||A. National Democratic Alliance|
|2.||Bharatiya Janata Party||B. State party|
|3.||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||C. United Progressive Alliance|
|4.||Telugu Desam Party||D. Left Front|
Answer : Option [ c ] ” C A D B” is correct.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Question 8 :
Who among the following is the founder of the Bahujan Samaj Party?
A. Kanshi Ram
B. Sahu Maharaj
C. B.R. Ambedkar
D. Jotiba Phule
Answer : Kanshi ram is the founder of Bahujan Samaj Party.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Question 9 :
What is the guiding philosophy of the Bharatiya Janata Party?
A. Bahujan Samaj
B. Revolutionary democracy
C. Integral humanism
Answer : Modernity is the guiding philosophy of Bhartiya Janata Party.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Question 10 :
Consider the following statements on parties.
A. Political parties do not enjoy much trust among the people.
B. Parties are often rocked by scandals involving top party leaders.
C. Parties are not necessary to run governments
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) A, B, and C
(b) A and B
(c) B and C
(d) A and C
Answer : Option [ b ] ” A and B “ is correct.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Question 11 : Read the following passage and answer the questions given below:
“Muhammad Yunus is a famous economist of Bangladesh. He received several international honours for his efforts to promote economic and social development for the benefit of the poor. He and the Grameen Bank he started jointly, received the Nobel Peace Prize for the 2006. In February 2007, he decided to launch a political party and contest in the parliamentary elections. His objective was to foster proper leadership, good governance and build a new Bangladesh.
He felt that only a political party different from the traditional ones would bring about new political culture. His party would be democratic from the grassroots level. The launching of the new party, called Nagarik Shakti (Citizens Power), has caused a stir among the Bangladeshis. While many welcomed his decision, some did not like it. Now I think Bangladesh will have a chance to choose between good and bad and eventually have a good government, said Shahedul Islam, a government official. That government, we hope, would not only keep itself away from corruption but also make fighting corruption and black money a top priority.
But leaders of traditional political parties who dominated the country’s politics for decades were apprehensive. There was no debate (over him) winning the Nobel, but politics is different – very challenging and often controversial, said a senior leader of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party. Some others were highly critical. They asked why he was rushing into politics. Is he being planted in politics by mentors from outside the country, asked one political observer.
Do you think Yunus made a right decision to float a new political party?
Do you agree with the statements and fears expressed by various people?
How do you want this new party organised to make it different from other parties?
If you were the one to begin this political party how would you defend it?
Answer : It is an activity based question to be done by the students itself on the basis if their understanding of the chapter.