Major Landforms of the Earth Class 6 Geography Chapter 6

Class 6 geography Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth Ncert Solutions are provided here. NCERT Intext and End Exercise questions of Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth.

Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 : Major Landforms of the Earth

Major Landforms of the Earth is the sixth chapter of NCERT Text book of Class 6 Geography. The end exercise and intext questions are comprised of the topics – landforms, Process in the lands, internal and external process, erosion, mountains, plateaus, plains, Landforms and the People,

Chapter 6 : Major Landforms of the Earth ( Ncert Solutions)

ChapterChapter 6 : Major Landforms of the Earth
SubjectGeography
Class 6th – ( Class VI )
Study MaterialNCERT intext and End Exercise Solutions
Total Questions 3 Questions
Text BookThe Earth : Our Habitat
[ NCERT Text Book in Geography for Class VI ]

NCERT Solutions Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 : Major Landforms of the Earth

Ques. 1 : Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) What are the major landforms?
Ans. The major landforms are

(b) What is the difference between a mountain and a plateau?
Ans. Difference between mountain and a plateau –

MountainPlateau
A mountain may have a small summit and broad base and height more than 600 metresA plateau is flat topped table standing about the surrounding areas.
Some mountains are higher than clouds Plateau are not that much high.
Mountains are store house of water and floura and faunaPlateau are rich in minerals deposits
Example : The Himalayan MountainsExample ; The Deccan Plateau

(c) What are the different types of mountains?
Ans. Different types of mountains on the basis of their structure are –

  • Volcanic Mountains
  • Block Mountains
  • Fold Mountains

Different types of mountains on the basis of their ager are – young mountains and old mountains.

(d) How are mountains useful to man?
Ans. Mountains are useful to man following ways –

  • Mountains provides tourism. Tourist visit the mountain for their beauty.
  • Mountains have the water in form of glaciers. The water flow in the form of rivers and is useful to living beings.
  • Mountains have rich variety of floura and fauna. The forest of mountains provide fuel, fodder, shelter and other products like raisin, etc

(e) How are plains formed?
Ans. Most of the plains are formed by rivers and their tributaries. Slope of mountains were eroded by rivers.

These eroded materials consist of stone ,sand, clay, and silt are carried forward by the rivers.

These materials are deposited along the river banks and valleys and thus plains are formed.

(f) Why are the river plains thickly populated?
Ans. River plains are suitable for habitation and agriculture. The soil of the river plateau are also very productive. It is very suitable for cultivation.

The flat land of the plateau is useful for people to build their house and do cultivation. So due these reasons the river plains are thickly populated .

(g) Why are mountains thinly populated?
Ans. Mountains are thinly populated because of the following reasons –

  • Mountains have very harsh and cold climate.
  • The slopes of the mountains is very steep. It is difficult to transport anything at mountain .
  • The farming conditions are also minimum. It is very costly to do farming in the mountains.

Ques. 2 : Tick the correct answers.
(a) The mountains differ from the hills in terms of
(i) elevation
(ii) slope
(iii) aspect
Ans. elevation
The mountains differ from the hills in terms of elevation.

(b) Glaciers are found in
(i) the mountains
(ii) the plains
(iii) the plateaus
Ans. the mountains
Glaciers are found in the mountains.

(c) The Deccan Plateau is located in
(i) Kenya
(ii) Australia
(iii) India
Ans. India
The Deccan Plateau is located in India.

(d) The river Yangtze flows in
(i) South America
(ii) Australia
(iii) China
Ans. China
The river Yangtze flows in China

(e) An important mountain range of Europe is
(i) the Andes
(ii) the Alps
(iii) the Rockies
Ans. the Alps
An important mountains range of Europe is the Alps.

Ques. 3 : Fill in the blanks.
1. A _____________ is an unbroken flat or a low-level land.
Ans. Plain
A Plain is an unbroken flat or a low -level land.

2. The Himalayas and the Alps are examples of __________types of mountains.
Ans. fold
The Himalayas and the Alps are examples of fold types of mountains.

3. _______ areas are rich in mineral deposits.
Ans. Plateau.
Plateau areas are rich in minerals deposits.

4. The _____ is a line of mountains.
Ans. Range
The Range is a line of mountains.

5. The ____________areas are most productive for farming.
Ans. plain
The plain areas are most productive for farming.

Things to Do

Ques. 1 : What kind of landforms are found in your state? Based on the reading of this chapter, say how they are of use to the people.
Ans. I live in the Himachal Pradesh. It see mountains here. These are useful for people for food, shelter, water ,etc

Map Skills

Ques. 1 : On an outline map of the world, mark the following :
(a) Mountain ranges: Himalayas, Rockies and Andes.
(b) Plateau : Tibet.
Ans. coming soon

Major Landforms of the Earth FAQs

Q. What is a hill ?

Ans. A hill is a land surface that rises higher than the surrounding area. Generally, a steep hill with an elevation of more than 600 metres is termed as a mountain. Name some mountains with a height of more than 8,000 metres.

Q. What are glaciers ?

Ans. n some mountains, there are permanently frozen rivers of ice. They are called glaciers.