Gender Religion and Caste Class 10 Political Science

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 is “Gender Religion and Caste”. Get here the latest updated NCERT Solutions of Gender Religion and Caste Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 as per latest CBSE syllabus.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 : Gender Religion and Caste

“Gender, Religion and Caste” is the fourth chapter in the Political Science book of Social Science Subject for Class 10 Political Science. This chapter includes the End Exercise and Intext questions related to – Gender and politics, Religion, communalism and politics, Caste and politics,

Gender Religion and Caste Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 [ NCERT Solutions ]

Chapter Chapter 4 : Gender, Religion and Caste
SubjectPolitical Science – Social Science
Class 10
Study MaterialNCERT Solution ( Intext and End Exercise )
Number of QuestionsTotal 10 Questions
Text Book NameDemocratic Politics – II
( NCERT Text Book in Political Science for Class 10 )

End Exercise Questions Ncert Solutions

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Question 1 :
Mention different aspects of life in which women are discriminated or disadvantaged in India.
Answer :

Different aspects of life in which woman are discriminated or disadvantaged in India are :-
1. Literacy rate : Literacy rate among women is only 54 % as compared to 76% among men.
2. Higher education : Very less number of girls are sent for higher education as compared to boys because people spend their resources for their boys education. They don’t want to spend on girls education.

3. Social Life : In social life also, women are disadvantaged , discriminated and oppressed. They face violence at home and work place. Outside their homes they are harassed and are not safe . They do more work than but their work is valued less.
4. Highly paid jobs : The proportion of women among the highly paid jobs and valued jobs is very small . Much of their work isn’t paid. Equal wages act provides equal pay for equal work. But almost everywhere, women are paid less than man. It can be either sports, cinema, factories or fields.

5. Political representation : In India, the proportion of women in legislature has been very low. For example, the percentage of elected women members in Lok Sabha has touched 14.36 per cent of its total strength for the first time in 2019. Their share in the state assemblies is less than 5%

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Question 2 :
State different forms of communal politics with one example each.
Answer :

The different forms of communal politics are as under :
1. Communalism in daily life : In our everyday life, we come through religious prejudices, stereo types of religious communities and belief in the superiority of one religion over the other. This is so common on that we often fail to notice it even when we believe.
2. Political dominance : To dominate the other communities, the majority community tries to follow majoritarianism . Its result is that minority community tries to form a separate state.

3. Political mobilisation on communal lines : Political parties are based on religious communities make use of sacred symbols, religious leaders, emotional appeal and plain fear in order to get political benefits in electoral politics. This often involves special appeal to emotions of voter of one religion in preference to other.
4. Communal riots : Some times communalism turns in communal violence and riots and massacres. It took place when India was partitioned in the year 1947. It again happened in 1984 ( Delhi – Sikh riots ) and some year ago in Gujarat.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Question 3 :
State how caste inequalities are still continuing in India.

Answer :
Yet caste has not disappeared from contemporary India. Some of the older aspects of caste have persisted. Even now most people marry within their own caste or tribe. Untouchability has not ended completely, despite constitutional prohibition. Effects of centuries of advantages and disadvantages continue to be felt today.

The caste groups that had access to education under the old system have done very well in acquiring modern education as well. Those groups that did not have access to education or were prohibited from acquiring it have naturally lagged behind. That is why there is a disproportionately large presence of ‘upper caste’ among the urban middle classes in our country. Caste continues to be closely linked to economic status.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Question 4 :
State two reasons to say that caste alone cannot determine election results in India

Answer :
1. No parliamentary constituency in the country has a clear majority of one single caste. So, every candidate and party needs to win the confidence of more than one caste and community to win elections.
2. No party wins the votes of all the voters of a caste or community. When people say that a caste is a ‘vote bank’ of one party, it usually means that a large proportion of the voters from that caste vote for that party

3. Many political parties may put up candidates from the same caste (if that caste is believed to dominate the electorate in a particular constituency). Some voters have more than one candidate from their caste while many voters have no candidate from their caste.
4. The ruling party and the sitting MP or MLA frequently lose elections in our country. That could not have happened if all castes and communities were frozen in their political preferences

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Question 5 :
What is the status of women’s representation in India’s legislative bodies?

Answer :
In India, the proportion of women in legislature has been very low. For example, the percentage of elected women members in Lok Sabha has touched 14.36 per cent of its total strength for the first time in 2019. Their share in the state assemblies is less than 5 per cent.

In this respect, India is among the bottom group of nations in the world (See the graph below) . India is behind the averages for several developing countries of Africa and Latin America. In the government, cabinets are largely all-ale even when a woman becomes the Chief Minister or the Prime Minister

Women in national parliaments in different regions of the world
Women in national parliaments in different regions of the world

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Question 6 :
Mention any two constitutional provisions that make India a secular state.

Answer :
1. There is no official religion for the Indian state. Unlike the status of Buddhism in Sri Lanka, that of Islam in Pakistan and that of Christianity in England, our Constitution does not give a special status to any religion.
2. The Constitution provides to all individuals and communities freedom to profess, practice and propagate any religion, or not to follow any.

3. The Constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion.
4. At the same time, the Constitution allows the state to intervene in the matters of religion in order to ensure equality within religious communities. For example, it bans untouchability

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Question 7 :
When we speak of gender divisions, we usually refer to:
(a) Biological difference between men and women
(b) Unequal roles assigned by the society to men and women
(c) Unequal child sex ratio
(d) Absence of voting rights for women in democracies

Answer : Option [ b ] ” Unequal roles assigned by the society to men and women is correct.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Question 8 :
In India seats are reserved for women in
(a) Lok Sabha
(b) State legislative assemblies
(c) Cabinets
(d) Panchayati Raj bodies

Answer : Option [ d ] ” Panchayati Raj bodies “ is correct.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Question 9 :
Consider the following statements on the meaning of communal politics.
Communal politics is based on the belief that:
A. One religion is superior to that of others.
B. People belonging to different religions can live together happily as equal citizens.
C. Followers of a particular religion constitute one community.
D. State power cannot be used to establish the domination of one religious group over others.

Which of the statements is/are correct?
(a) A, B, C, and D

(b) A, B, and D
(c) A and C
(d) B and D
Answer : Option [ c ] ” A and C ” is correct.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Question 10 :
Which among the following statements about India’s Constitution is wrong?

It
(a) prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion.
(b) gives official status to one religion.
(c) provides to all individuals freedom to profess any religion.
(d) ensures equality of citizens within religious communities
Answer : Statement (b) is not correct about the India’s Constitution.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Question 11 :
Social divisions based on __________________ are peculiar to India

Answer : Caste
Social divisions based on caste are peculiar to India

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Question 12 :
Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:

 List IList II
1.A person who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men  A. Communalist
2.A person who says that religion is the principal basis of community  B. Feminist
3.A person who thinks that caste is the principal basis of community  C. Secularist
4.A person who does not discriminate others on the basis of religious beliefs  D. Castiest
 1234
(a)BCAD
(b)BADC
(c)DCAB
(d)CABD

Answer : Option [ b ] ” B A D C ” is correct.