Federalism Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Questions

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 is “Federalism”. Get here the latest updated NCERT Solutions of Federalism Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 as per latest CBSE syllabus.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 : Federalism

“Federalism” is the second chapter in the Political Science book of Social Science Subject for Class 10 Political Science. This chapter includes the End Exercise and Intext questions related to – What is federalism?, What makes India a federal country?, How is federalism practised?, Decentralisation in India, etc.

Federalism Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 [ NCERT Solutions ]

Chapter Chapter 2 : Federalism
SubjectPolitical Science – Social Science
Class 10
Study MaterialNCERT Solution ( Intext and End Exercise )
Number of QuestionsTotal 12 Questions
Text Book NameDemocratic Politics – II
( NCERT Text Book in Political Science for Class 10 )

End Exercise Questions Ncert Solutions

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Question 1 :
Locate the following States on a blank outline political map of India: Manipur, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh and Goa.
Answer :

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Question 2 :
Identify and shade three federal countries (other than India) on a blank outline political map of the world.

Answer :

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Question 3 :
Point out one feature in the practice of federalism in India that is similar to and one feature that is different from that of Belgium.

Answer :
Similar Feature : – Indian and Belgium are both holding together federations where the central government tend to be more powerful vis-à-vis the states.
Different Feature:- In Belgium, there are three kinds of government – government at the centre , government at state level and third type of government is community government.
Community government has the power regarding culture, education and language related issues. but, in India there is no community government instead where we have local bodies ( Panchayati Raj system ).

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Question 4 :
What is the main difference between a federal form of government and a unitary one? Explain with an example

Answer :

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Question 5 :
State any two differences between the local government before and after the Constitutional amendment in 1992.

Answer :

Local government before 1992Local government after 1992
1. Local government were directly under the control of state government.1. The state government are required to share some powers with local governments.
2. Elections were not held regularly.2. Elections were held regularly. An independent state election commission has been appointed to conduct Panchayat and Municipal election.
3. Local government didn’t have any power or resources of their own.3. Now, local government have got some powers and resources of their own.
Seats are reserved in Elected and Executive bodies of these institutions for SC, ST , OBC and women.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Question 6 : Fill in the blanks.
Since the United States is a ____________ type of federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are ________vis-a-vis the federal government. But India is a __________ type of federation and some States have more power than others. In India, the ____________ government has more powers.

Answer :
Since the United States is a coming together type of federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are strong vis-a-vis the federal government. But India is a holding together type of federation and some States have more power than others. In India, the central government has more powers.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Question 7 : Here are three reactions to the language policy followed in India. Give an argument and an example to support any of these positions.
Sangeeta: The policy of accommodation has strengthened national unity.
Arman: Language-based States have divided us by making everyone conscious of their language.
Harish: This policy has only helped to consolidate the dominance of English over all other languages

Answer : We agree to the statement made by Sangeeta.
The policy of accommodation has strengthened national unity.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Question 8 :
The distinguishing feature of a federal government is:

(a) National government gives some powers to the provincial governments.
(b) Power is distributed among the legislature, executive and judiciary.
(c) Elected officials exercise supreme power in the government.
(d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.

Answer : Option [ d ] ” Government power is divided between different levels of government.” is correct.
The distinguishing feature of a federal government is “Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.”

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Question 9 :
A few subjects in various Lists of the Indian Constitution are given here. Group them under the Union, State and Concurrent Lists as provided in the table below.

A. Defence;
B. Police;
C. Agriculture;
D. Education;
E. Banking;
F. Forests;
G. Communications;
H. Trade;
I. Marriages

Union List
State List
Concurrent List

Answer : The list is arrange as follows

Union ListDefence, Banking, Communications
State ListPolice, Agriculture
Concurrent ListMarriages , Forests, Trade, Education

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Question 10 :
Examine the following pairs that give the level of government in India and the powers of the government at that level to make laws on the subjects mentioned against each.

Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(a) State governmentState List
(b) Central Government Union List
(c) Central and State Government Concurrent List
(d) Local GovernmentResiduary Powers

Answer : Option (d) is not correctly matched. Local governments don’t have residuary powers. it the central government which have residuary powers.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Question 11 :
Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List IList II
1. Union of IndiaA. Prime Minister
2. StateB. Sarpanch
3. Municipal CorporationC. Governor
4. Gram PanchayatD. Mayor
 1234
(a)DABC
(b)BCDA
(c)ACDB
(d)CDAB

Answer : Option [ c ] ” A C D B ” is correct.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Question 12 : Consider the following two statements.
A. In a federation the powers of the federal and provincial governments are clearly demarcated.
B. India is a federation because the powers of the Union and State Governments are specified in the Constitution and they have exclusive jurisdiction on their respective subjects.
C. Sri Lanka is a federation because the country is divided into provinces.
D. India is no longer a federation because some powers of the States have been devolved to the local government bodies.

Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) A, B and C
(b) A, C and D
(c) A and B only
(d) B and C only
Answer : Option [ c ] “A and B only” is correct.