Class 9 Democratic Politics Chapter 5 “Democratic Rights” Study Notes are available here for students and teachers for education purpose.
Class 9 Democratic Politics Chapter 5 “Democratic Rights”
Class 9 Democratic Politics Chapter 5 is “Democratic Rights”. This fifth chapter of Social science Democratic Politics class 9 is very useful for exam point of view. This chapter consists of the topics – Fundamental Rights, Claim, Ethnic Group, Summon , etc
Democratic Politics Chapter 5 “Democratic Rights” Class 9 Study Notes
|Chapter||Chapter 5 : Democratic Rights|
|Subject||Democratic Politics – Social Science|
|Study Material||Study Notes ( Short Notes)|
|Class 9||9 ( Class – IX )|
|Text book||Democratic Politics I ( NCERT Text Book for Class 9 )|
Class 9 Democratic Politics Notes Chapter 5 “Democratic Rights” ( Study Notes )
1. Fundamental Rights : Some rights which are basic or essential for living or fundamental to our life are given a special status. They are called as fundamental rights
2. Fundamental Rights provided by the Indian Constitution to Indian Citizens
• Right to Equality
• Right to Freedom
• Right against exploitation
• Right to Freedom of Religion
• Right to constitutional remedies
• Cultural and Educational Rights.
3. Traffic in Human Beings : Traffic in human beings means selling and buying of human beings usually women for immoral purposes.
4. Begar : Begar is a practice where the worker is forced to vender service to the ‘master’ free of charge or at a nominal remuneration
5. Writs : A formal document containing an order of the court to the government issued only by the high court or the supreme court.
6. Human Rights : Human rights are universal moral claims that may or may not have been recognized by law. But then rights to equality give you a right to be treated as equal by law. Every human being who is born anywhere has the right to live and enjoy his life and should not be tortured by any means
7. RTI : RTI can be expanded as Rights to Information. Parliament has enacted a law giving the RTI to the citizens. This act was made under the fundamental right to freedom of thoughts and expression. We have a right to seek information from government offices.
8. PIL : In case of any violation of a fundamental rights, the aggrieved person can go to court for remedy . But now, any person can go to court against the violation of a fundamental right, if it is of social or public interest. This is called PIL. Under the PIL, any citizen or a group of citizens can approach the supreme court of High court for protection of public interest against a particular law or action of the government.
9. Treatment of Prisoners in Guantanamo Bay :
• Treatment of prisoners in Guantanamo Bay was humiliating
• There was not trial before any magistrate and US law was completely violated
• This place is not located in US but an area near Cuba, controlled by American Navy. Nobody knows the location of the prison.
• Families of the prisoners , media or even UN representatives were not allowed to meet.
10. Claim : Demand for legal or moral entitlements a person make on fellow citizens, society or the government.
11. Amnesty International : An international organisation volunteers who campaign for human rights. This organisation brings out independent reports on the violation of human rights all over the world.
12. Covenant : Covenant is promise made by individuals, groups or countries to uphold a rule or principle. It is legally binding on the signatories to the agreement or statement.
13. Ethnic Group : An ethnic groups is a human population whose members usually identify with each other on the basis of a common ancestry . People of an ethnic group are united by cultural practices, religion beliefs and historical memories.
14. Summon : Summon is an order issued by a court asking a person to appear before it.