Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Globe Latitudes and Longitudes

Class 6 geography Chapter 2 Globe Latitudes and Longitudes Ncert Solutions are provided here. NCERT Intext and End Exercise questions of Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Globe Latitudes and Longitudes.

Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 : Globe Latitudes and Longitudes

Globe Latitudes and Longitudes is the second chapter of NCERT Text book of Class 6 Geography. The end exercise and intext questions are comprised of the topics – Globe, Equator, latitudes, longitude, Heat zones, Prime Meridian, Longitude and Time, Standard time, etc.

Chapter 2 : Globe Latitudes and Longitudes ( Ncert Solutions)

ChapterChapter 2 : Globe Latitudes and Longitudes
SubjectGeography
Class 6th – ( Class VI )
Study MaterialNCERT intext and End Exercise Solutions
Total Questions 3 Questions
Text BookThe Earth : Our Habitat
[ NCERT Text Book in Geography for Class VI ]

NCERT Solutions Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 : Globe Latitudes and Longitudes

Ques. 1 : Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) What is the true shape of the earth?
Ans. The true shape of the earth is Geoid. It has a shape that of sphere but slightly flattened at the pole and is bulge in the middle.

(b) What is a globe?
Ans. A globe is a true model of the earth. It is a miniature form which shows countries, continents and oceans in their correction proportion of size.

A globe also shows the tilt of earth on its axis.

globe
A Globe

(c) What is the latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer?
Ans. 23 1/2° N
The latitudinal value of the Tropic of cancer is 23 1/2° N

Important Parallel of latitudes

(d) What are the three heat zones of the Earth?
Ans. The three heat zones of the earth are – Torrid Zone, The temperate zone and the frigid zone.

  • Torrid zone : The area under the torrid zone receives maximum heat from the sun. This region have extremely high temperature.
  • Temperate zone : The area under the temperate zone receives moderate heat from sun. It is the area which have moderate temperature.
  • Frigid zone : The area under frigid zone have extremely low temperature. This area receives very less heat from sun.

(e) What are parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude?
Ans. Parallel of Latitudes : All the parallel circles from the equator upto pole are known as parallels of latitudes . These are the imaginary parallel circles from the equator to poles. These are measured in degrees.

latitude

Meridians of longitudes : Meridians of Longitude are the imaginary semi-circle lines running from the North Pole to the South Pole.

longitude

(f) Why does the torrid zone receive maximum amount of heat?
Ans. The torrid zone lies between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. The mid-day sun is exactly over the head once a year on all the latitudes of this zone. Therefor the torrid zone receives the maximum amount of heat as compared to other zone.

(g) Why is it 5.30 p.m. in India and 12.00 noon in London?
Ans. Location of India is 82° 30′ East of Greenwich. India is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of Greenwich meantime. So due to this reason it is 5:30 p.m. in and India and 12:00 noon in London.

There is a time difference of 5 hours and 30 minutes between Indian and London.

Ques. 2 : Tick the correct answers.
(a) The value of the prime meridian is
(i) 90°
(ii) 0°
(iii) 60°
Ans.
The value of the prime meridian is 0°.

(b) The frigid zone lies near
(i) the Poles
(ii) the Equator
(iii) the Tropic of Cancer
Ans. the Poles
The frigid zone lies near the Poles.

(c) The total number of longitudes are
(i) 360
(ii) 180
(iii) 90
Ans. 360
The total number of longitudes is 360

(d) The Antarctic circle is located in
(i) the Northern hemisphere
(ii) the Southern hemisphere
(iii) the Eastern hemisphere
Ans. the Southern hemisphere.
The Antarctic Circle is located in the Southern hemisphere.

(e) Grid is a network of
(i) parallels of latitudes and merdians of longitudes
(ii) the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
(iii) the North Pole and the South Pole
Ans. parallels of latitude and meridians of longitudes
Grid is a network of parallels of latitude and meridians of longitudes

Ques. 3 : Fill in the blanks.
(a) The Tropic of Capricorn is located at __________.
Ans. 23° 1/2′ S
The Tropic of Capricorn is located at 23° 1/2′ S .

(b) The Standard Meridian of India is ___________.
Ans. 82° 1/2′ E
The Standard Meridian of India is 82° 1/2′ E.

(c) The 0° Meridian is also known as ____________.
Ans.
Prime Meridian
The 0° Meridian is also known as Prime Meridian

(d) The distance between the longitudes decreases towards___________.
Ans. Pole
The distance between the longitudes decreases towards Pole.

(e) The Arctic Circle is located in the ___________ hemisphere.
Ans. Northern
The Arctic Circle is located in the northern hemisphere.

Globe Latitudes and Longitudes FAQs

Q. Name the important parallel of latitudes .

Ans. Arctic Circle, Tropic of Cancer, Equator, Tropic of Capricorn, Antarctic Circle