CBSE Class 10 Science Notes, NCERT Solutions, Sample Papers

Class 10 Science Study Material – NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science, Study Notes, Short Notes, Examples, Previous Year Questions, etc are available on this platform for students and teachers.

Class 10 Science

Class 10 Science NCERT Text Book consists of a total of 16 chapters. This section consists of short notes of each chapter, previous years question paper of Class 10 Science, and model question paper and other useful study material like NCERT Solutions of each chapter , Formulas, equations ,etc

Class 10 Science consists of the following 16 chapters : Chemical Reactions and Equations, acids, Bases and Salts, Metals and Non-metals, Carbon and its Compounds, Periodic Classification of Elements, Life Processes, Control and Coordination, How do Organisms Reproduce?, Heredity and Evolution , Light – Reflection and Refraction, The Human Eye and the Colourful World, Electricity, Magnetic Effects of Electric Current, Sources of Energy, Our Environment, Sustainable Management of Natural Resources.

Resources (Study Material)

Class 10 Science CBSE Syllabus
Class 10 Science Study Notes
Class 10 Science NCERT Solutions
Class 10 Science Practice Questions ( Extra Practice Questions )
Class 10 Science Sample Papers
Class 10 Science Model Test Papers
Class 10 Science Previous Years Question Papers

Class 10 Science Syllabus

Unit I: Chemical Substances – Nature and Behaviour

Chemical reactions: Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, endothermic exothermic reactions, oxidation and reduction.

Acids, bases and salts: Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH– ions, General properties, examples and uses, neutralization, concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris.

Metals and nonmetals: Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series; Formation and properties of ionic compounds; Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention.

Carbon compounds: Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series. Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), difference between saturated hydro carbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents.

Unit II: World of Living

Life processes: ‘Living Being’. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals.

Control and co-ordination in animals and plants: Tropic movements in plants; Introduction of plant hormones; Control and co-ordination in animals: Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action; Chemical co-ordination: animal hormones.

Reproduction: Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health – need and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Child bearing and women’s health.

Heredity and Evolution: Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction: (topics excluded – evolution; evolution and classification and evolution should not be equated with progress).

Unit III: Natural Phenomena

Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required),magnification. Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index.

Refraction of light by spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula(Derivation not required); Magnification. Power of a lens.

Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses.

Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in dailylife (excluding colour of the sun at sunrise and sunset)

Theme: How Things Work

Unit IV: Effects of Current

Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R.

Magnetic effects of current : Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying-conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left Hand Rule, Direct current. Alternating current: frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC. Domestic electric circuits

Theme: Natural Resources

Unit V: Natural Resources

Our environment: Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.

Reference CBSE Academics


Class 10 Science Study Notes

Study Notes Chapter 1 ( Chemical Reactions and Equations )
Study Notes Chapter 2 ( Acids, Bases and Salts )
Study Notes Chapter 3 ( Metals and Non-metals )
Study Notes Chapter 4 ( Carbon and its Compounds )
Study Notes Chapter 5 ( Periodic Classification of Elements )
Study Notes Chapter 6 ( Life Processes )
Study Notes Chapter 7 ( Control and Coordination )
Study Notes Chapter 8 ( How do Organisms Reproduce? )




Study Notes Chapter 9 ( Heredity and Evolution )
Study Notes Chapter 10 ( Light – Reflection and Refraction )
Study Notes Chapter 11 ( The Human Eye and the Colourful World )
Study Notes Chapter 12 ( Electricity )
Study Notes Chapter 13 ( Magnetic Effects of Electric Current )
Study Notes Chapter 14 ( Sources of Energy )
Study Notes Chapter 15 ( Our Environment )
Study Notes Chapter 16 ( Sustainable Management of Natural Resources )


Class 10 Science NCERT Solutions

NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 ( Chemical Reactions and Equations )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 2 ( Acids, Bases and Salts )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 3 ( Metals and Non-metals )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 4 ( Carbon and its Compounds )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 5 ( Periodic Classification of Elements )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 6 ( Life Processes )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 7 ( Control and Coordination )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 8 ( How do Organisms Reproduce? )




NCERT Solutions Chapter 9 ( Heredity and Evolution )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 10 ( Light – Reflection and Refraction )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 11 ( The Human Eye and the Colourful World )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 12 ( Electricity )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 13 ( Magnetic Effects of Electric Current )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 14 ( Sources of Energy )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 15 ( Our Environment )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 16 ( Sustainable Management of Natural Resources )


Class 10 Science Practice Question/ Extra Questions for Practice

Practice Question Chapter 1 ( Chemical Reactions and Equations )
Practice Question Chapter 2 ( Acids, Bases and Salts )
Practice Question Chapter 3 ( Metals and Non-metals )
Practice Question Chapter 4 ( Carbon and its Compounds )
Practice Question Chapter 5 ( Periodic Classification of Elements )
Practice Question Chapter 6 ( Life Processes )
Practice Question Chapter 7 ( Control and Coordination )
Practice Question Chapter 8 ( How do Organisms Reproduce? )
Practice Question Chapter 12 ( Electricity )
Practice Question Chapter 13 ( Magnetic Effects of Electric Current )

Class 10 Science Sample Paper / Model Test Paper for 2022-23

Sample Paper for 2021-22 [ Question Paper / Solution ]
Model Question Paper 10 ( With Solutions)
Model Question Paper 9 ( With Solutions)
Model Question Paper 8 ( With Solutions)
Model Question Paper 7 ( With Solutions)
Model Question Paper 6 ( With Solutions)
Model Question Paper 5 ( With Solutions)
Model Question Paper 4 ( With Solutions)
Model Question Paper 3 ( With Solutions)
Model Question Paper 2 ( With Solutions)
Model Question Paper 1 ( With Solutions)


Class 10 Science Previous Year Question Papers (CBSE)

Class 10 Science Question Paper 2021
Class 10 Science Question Paper 2020
Class 10 Science Question Paper 2019
Class 10 Science Question Paper 2018
Class 10 Science Question Paper 2017
Class 10 Science Question Paper 2016
Class 10 Science Question Paper 2015
Class 10 Science Question Paper 2014
Class 10 Science Question Paper 2013