Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 Ncert Solutions

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 is “Popular Struggles and Movements”. Get here the latest updated NCERT Solutions of Popular Struggles and Movements Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 as per latest CBSE syllabus.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 : Popular Struggles and Movements

“Popular Struggles and Movements” is the fifth chapter in the Political Science book of Social Science Subject for Class 10 Political Science. This chapter includes the End Exercise and Intext questions related to – Popular struggles in Nepal and Bolivia, Mobilisation and organisations, Pressure groups and movements, etc.

Popular Struggles and Movements Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 [ NCERT Solutions ]

Chapter Chapter 5 : Popular Struggles and Movements
SubjectPolitical Science – Social Science
Class 10
Study MaterialNCERT Solution ( Intext and End Exercise )
Number of QuestionsTotal 11 Questions
Text Book NameDemocratic Politics – II
( NCERT Text Book in Political Science for Class 10 )

End Exercise Questions Ncert Solutions

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 Question 1 :
In what ways do pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics?
Answer :

Pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics in a variety of ways :-
1. They try to gain public support and sympathy for their goals and their activities by carrying out information campaigns, organising meetings, filing petitions, etc. Most of these groups try to influence the media into giving more attention to these issues.
2. They often organise protest activity like strikes or disrupting government programmes.
3. Business groups often employ professional lobbyists or sponsor epensive advertisements. Some persons from pressure groups or movement groups may participate in official bodies and committees that offer advice to the government

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 Question 2 :
Describe the forms of relationship between pressure groups and political parties?

Answer :
1. The pressure groups are either formed or led by the leaders of political parties or act as extended arms of political parties. For example, most trade unions and students’ organisations in India are either established by, or affiliated to one or the other major political party. Most of the leaders of such pressure groups are usually activists and leaders of party.

2. Sometimes political parties grow out of movements. For example, when the Assam movement led by students against the ‘foreigners’ came to an end, it led to the formation of the Asom Gana Parishad. The roots of parties like the DMK and the AIADMK in Tamil Nadu can be traced to a long-drawn social reform movement during the 1930s and 1940s.

3. In most cases the relationship between parties and interest or movement groups is not so direct. They often take positions that are opposed to each other. Yet they are in dialogue and negotiation. Movement groups have raised new issues that have been taken up by political parties. Most of the new leadership of political parties comes from interest or movement groups.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 Question 3 :
Explain how the activities of pressure groups are useful in the functioning of a democratic government.

Answer :
1. pressure groups and movements have deepened democracy
2. Governments can often come under undue pressure from a small group of rich and powerful people. Public interest groups and movements perform a useful role of countering this undue influence and reminding the government of the needs and concerns of ordinary citizens.

3. If one group brings pressure on government to make policies in its favour, another will bring counter pressure not to make policies in the way the first group desires. The government gets to hear about what different sections of the population want. This leads to a rough balance of power and accommodation of conflicting interests.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 Question 4 :
What is a pressure group? Give a few examples.

Answer :
1. Pressure groups are organisations that attempt to influence government policies.
2. But unlike political parties, pressure groups do not aim to directly control or share political power.
3. These organisations are formed when people with common occupation, interest, aspirations or opinions come together in order to achieve a common objective.
Examples : Trade unions, Business association, Professional bodies of Doctors, lawyers and teachers, etc.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 Question 5 :
What is the difference between a pressure group and a political party?

Answer :
Difference between Pressure Group and Political Party :

Pressure GroupPolitical Party
1. pressure groups are formed when people with common occupation, interest, espiration or opinions come together in order to achieve a common objective1. Political parties agree on some facilities and programmes for tthe society with a view to promote the collective good.
2. These do not contest elections.2. These contest elections.
3. Pressure groups don’t aim to directly control or share political power3. These aim to directly control and share political power.
4. They are not accountable to the people4. They are accountable to the people
5. Most of the pressure groups are not recognised by the constitution5. Most of the political parties are recognised by the constitution
6. Pressure groups organise strikes, fasts and submit petitions6. They use constitutional methods
7. They are concerned mainly with the issues of national importance.7. They are concerned with national and international issues.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 Question 6 :
Organisations that undertake activities to promote the interests of specific social sections such as workers, employees, teachers, and lawyers are called _________________ groups.

Answer :
Sectional Interests
Organisations that undertake activities to promote the interests of specific social sections such as workers, employees, teachers, and lawyers are called sectional interests groups.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 Question 7 :
Which among the following is the special feature that distinguishes a pressure group from a political party?

(a) Parties take political stances, while pressure groups do not bother about political issues.
(b) Pressure groups are confined to a few people, while parties involve larger number of people.
(c) Pressure groups do not seek to get into power, while political parties do.
(d) Pressure groups do not seek to mobilise people, while parties do.
Answer : Option [ c ] “Pressure groups do not seek to get into power, while political parties do” is correct.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 Question 8 :
Match List I (organisations and struggles) with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists

 List IList II
1.Organisations that seek to promote the interests of a particular section or groupA. Movement
2.Organisations that seek to promote common interestB. Political parties
3.Struggles launched for the resolution of a social problem with or without an organisational structureC. Sectional interest groups
4.Organisations that mobilise people with a view to win political powerD. Public interest groups
 1234
(a)CDBA
(b)CDAB
(c)DCBA
(d)BCDA

Answer : Option [ b ] “C D A B” is correct.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 Question 9 :
Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

 List IList II
1.Pressure groupA. Narmada Bachao Andolan
2.Long-term movementB. Asom Gana Parishad
3.Single issue movementC. Womens movement
4.Political partyD. Fertilizer dealers association
 1234
(a)DCAB
(b)BADC
(c)CDBA
(d)BDCA

Answer : Option [ a ] “D C A B” is correct.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 Question 10 :
Consider the following statements about pressure groups and parties.
A. Pressure groups are the organised expression of the interests and views of specific social sections.
B. Pressure groups take positions on political issues.
C. All pressure groups are political parties.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) A, B, and C

(b) A and B
(c) B and C
(d) A and C
Answer : Option [ b ] “A and B” is correct.

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 Question 11 :
Mewat is one of the most backward areas in Haryana. It used to be a part of two districts, Gurgaon and Faridabad. The people of Mewat felt that the area will get better attention if it were to become a separate district. But political parties were indifferent to this sentiment. The demand for a separate district was raised by Mewat Educational and Social Organisation and Mewat Saksharta Samiti in 1996.

Later, Mewat Vikas Sabha was founded in 2000 and carried out a series of public awareness campaigns. This forced both the major parties, Congress and the Indian National Lok Dal, to announe their support for the new district before the assembly elections held in February 2005. The new district came into existence in July 2005.

In this example what is the relationship that you observe among movement, political parties and the government? Can you think of an example that shows a relationship different from this one?
Answer : Students have to do this own their own.