CBSE Class 12 Sociology Notes NCERT Solution Sample Paper

Class 12 Sociology Study Notes Previous year question papers , sample paper , NCERT Solutions, and all other study material for Sociology subject of class 12th are present here for students and teachers.

Class 12 Sociology

Sociology is introduced as an elective subject at the senior secondary stage. The syllabus is designed to help learners to reflect on what they hear and see in the course of everyday life and develop a constructive attitude towards society in change; to equip a learner with concepts and theoretical skills for the purpose.

CBSE Class 12 Sociology consists of the following textbook ( published by NCERT)
1. Indian Society, Class XII, Published by NCERT
2. Social Change and Development in India, Class XII, published by NCERT

Resource ( Study Material )

CBSE Class 12 Sociology Syllabus
CBSE Class 12 Sociology Study Notes
CBSE Class 12 Sociology NCERT Solutions
CBSE Class 12 Sociology Sample Paper
CBSE Class 12 Sociology Previous Year Question Papers

CBSE Class 12th Sociology Syllabus

A. Indian Society
Unit 1 : Introducing Indian Society
 Colonialism, Nationalism, Class and Community (Nonevaluative)

Unit 2 : The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society
 Theories and concepts in demography
 Rural-Urban Linkages and Divisions
 Population Policy in India

Unit 3 : Social Institutions: Continuity and Change
 Caste and the Caste System
 Tribal Communities
 Family and Kinship

Unit 5 : Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion
 Social Inequality and Social Exclusion
 Systems justifying and perpetuating Inequality – Caste, Tribe, the Other Backward Classes
 Adivasi Struggles
 The Struggle for Women’s Equality and Rights
 The struggles of the Differently Abled

Unit 6 : The Challenges of Cultural Diversity
 Cultural communities and the nation state
 Regionalism in the Indian context
 The Nation state and religion related issues and identities
 Communalism, secularism and the nation state
 State and Civil Society

Unit 7 : Suggestions for Project Work

B. Social Change and Development in India
Unit 8 : Structural Change
 Understanding Colonialism, Industrialization, Urbanization

Unit 9 : Cultural Change
 Social Reform Movements
 Different Kinds of Social Change: Sanskritisation, Westernization, Modernization, Secularization

Unit 11 : Change and Development in Rural Society
 Agrarian Structure : Caste & class in Rural India
 Land Reforms, Green Revolution and Emerging Agrarian society
 Green revolution and its social consequences
 Transformation in Rural Society
 Circulation of labour
 Globalization, Liberalization and Rural Society

Unit 12 : Change and Development in Industrial Society
 From Planned Industrialization to Liberalization
 How people find Jobs
 Work Processes: How work is carried out, working conditions, home based work, Strikes and Unions

Unit 15 : Social Movements
 Concept of Social Movements
 Theories and Classification of Social Movements
 Environmental Movements
 Class-Based Movements: Workers, Peasants
 Caste-Based Movements: Dalit Movement, Backward Class/Castes, Trends in Upper Caste Responses
 Tribal Movements
 Women’s Movements in Independent India

Reference : CBSE Academics


CBSE Class 12 Sociology Study Notes

NCERT Text Book Sociology Class 12- “Indian Society”
Study Notes Chapter 1 ( Introducing Indian Society )
Study Notes Chapter 2 ( The Demographic Structure of Indian Society )
Study Notes Chapter 3 ( Social Institutions: Continuity and Change )
Study Notes Chapter 4 ( The Market as a Social Institution ) [ Not included in syllabus for 2022 -23]
Study Notes Chapter 5 ( Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion )
Study Notes Chapter 6 ( The Challenges of Cultural Diversity )
Study Notes Chapter 7 ( Suggestions for Project Work )




NCERT Text Book Sociology Class 12 – “Social Change and Development in India”
Study Notes Chapter 1 ( Structural Change )
Study Notes Chapter 2 ( Cultural Change )
Study Notes Chapter 3 ( The story of Indian Democracy ) [ Not included in syllabus for 2022 -23]
Study Notes Chapter 4 ( Change and Development in Rural Society )
Study Notes Chapter 5 ( Change and Development in Industrial Society )
Study Notes Chapter 6 ( Globalisation and Social Change ) [ Not included in syllabus for 2022 -23]
Study Notes Chapter 7 ( Mass media and communications ) [ Not included in syllabus for 2022 -23]
Study Notes Chapter 8 ( Social Movements )


CBSE Class 12 Sociology NCERT Solutions

NCERT Text Book Sociology Class 12- “Indian Society”
NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 ( Introducing Indian Society )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 2 ( The Demographic Structure of Indian Society )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 3 ( Social Institutions: Continuity and Change )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 4 ( The Market as a Social Institution ) [ Not included in syllabus for 2022 -23]
NCERT Solutions Chapter 5 ( Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 6 ( The Challenges of Cultural Diversity )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 7 ( Suggestions for Project Work )




NCERT Text Book Sociology Class 12 – “Social Change and Development in India”
NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 ( Structural Change )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 2 ( Cultural Change )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 3 ( The story of Indian Democracy ) [ Not included in syllabus for 2022 -23]
NCERT Solutions Chapter 4 ( Change and Development in Rural Society )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 5 ( Change and Development in Industrial Society )
NCERT Solutions Chapter 6 ( Globalisation and Social Change ) [ Not included in syllabus for 2022 -23]
NCERT Solutions Chapter 7 ( Mass media and communications ) [ Not included in syllabus for 2022 -23]
NCERT Solutions Chapter 8 ( Social Movements )


CBSE Class 12 Sociology Previous Year Question Papers

CBSE Class 12 Sociology Question Paper 2021
CBSE Class 12 Sociology Question Paper 2020
CBSE Class 12 Sociology Question Paper 2019
CBSE Class 12 Sociology Question Paper 2018
CBSE Class 12 Sociology Question Paper 2017
CBSE Class 12 Sociology Question Paper 2016
CBSE Class 12 Sociology Question Paper 2015
CBSE Class 12 Sociology Question Paper 2014
CBSE Class 12 Sociology Question Paper 2013
CBSE Class 12 Sociology Question Paper 2012
CBSE Class 12 Sociology Question Paper 2011
CBSE Class 12 Sociology Question Paper 2010





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