CBSE Class 12 History Notes NCERT Solutions Sample Papers

Class 12 History Study Notes Previous year question papers , sample paper , NCERT Solutions, and all other study material for History subject of class 12th are present here for students and teachers.

Class 12 History

CBSE Class 12 History consists of the following textbook ( published by NCERT)
1. Themes in Indian History Part-I , published by NCERT
2. Themes in Indian History Part-II , published by NCERT
3. Themes in Indian History Part-III , published by NCERT

Resource ( Study Material )

CBSE Class 12 History Syllabus
CBSE Class 12 History Study Notes
CBSE Class 12 History NCERT Solutions
CBSE Class 12 History Map Work
CBSE Class 12 History Sample Paper
CBSE Class 12 History Model Test Paper
CBSE Class 12 History Previous Year Question Papers

CBSE Class 12th History Syllabus

Themes in Indian History Part – I
Theme 1 : BRICKS, BEADS AND BONES The Harappan Civilization
Broad overview: Early urban centers
Story of discovery: Harappan civilization
Excerpt: Archaeological report on a major site
Discussion: How it has been utilized by archaeologists/ historians

Theme 2 : KINGS, FARMERS AND TOWNS: Early States and Economies (c. 600 BCE-600 CE)
Broad overview: Political and economic History from the Mauryan to the Gupta period
Story of discovery: Inscriptions and the Decipherment of the script. Shifts in the Understanding of political and economic history.
Excerpt: Ashokan inscription and Gupta period land grant
Discussion: Interpretation of inscriptions by historians

Theme 3 : KINSHIP, CASTE AND CLASS Early Society Societies (C. 600 BCE-600 CE)
Broad overview: Social Histories: Using the Mahabharata . Issues in social history, including caste, class, kinship an d gender
Story of discovery: Transmission and publications of the Mahabharat
Excerpt: from the Mahabharata, illustrating how it has been used by historians.
Discussion: Other sources for reconstructing social history

Theme 4 : THINKERS, BELIEFS AND BUILDINGS Cultural Developments (c. 600 BCE – 600 CE)
Broad overview: A History of Buddhism: Sanchi Stupa a) A brief review of religious histories of Vedic religion, Jainism, Vaishnavism, Shaivism (Puranic Hinduism) b) Focus on Buddhism.
Story of discovery: Sanchi stupa.
Excerpt: Reproduction of sculptures from Sanchi.
Discussion: Ways in which sculpture has been interpreted by historians, other sources for reconstructing the history of Buddhism.

Themes in Indian History Part – II
Theme 5 : THROUGH THE EYES OF TRAVELLERS Perceptions of Society (c. tenth to seventeenth century)
Broad Overview: outlines of social and cultural life as they appear in traveller’s account.
Story of their writings: A discussion of where they travelled, what they wrote and for whom they wrote.
Excerpts: from Al Biruni, Ibn Battuta, Francois Bernier.
Discussion: What these travel accounts can tell us and how they have been interpreted by historians.

Theme 6 : BHAKTI –SUFI TRADITIONS: Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts (c. eighth to eighteenth centuries)
Broad overview: a. Outline of religious developments during this period saints. b. Ideas and practices of the Bhakti-Sufi
Story of Transmission: How Bhakti-Sufi compositions have been preserved.
Excerpt: Extracts from selected Bhakti-Sufi works.
Discussion: Ways in which these have been interpreted by historians

Theme 7 : AN IMPERIAL CAPITAL: VIJAYANAGARA (c. fourteenth to sixteenth centuries)
Broad Over View: New Architecture: Hampi a. Outline of new buildings during Vijayanagar period-temples, forts, irrigation facilities. b. Relationship between architecture and the political system
Story of Discovery: Account of how Hampi was found.
Excerpt: Visuals of buildings at Hampi
Discussion: Ways in which historians have analyzed and interpreted these structures.

Theme 8 : PEASANTS, ZAMINDARS AND THE STATE: Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire (c. sixteenth-seventeenth centuries)
Broad overview: The Ain-i-Akbari a. Structure of agrarian relations in the 16th and 17th centuries. b. Patterns of change over the period.
Story of Discovery: Account of the compilation and translation of Ain I Akbari
Excerpt: from the Ain-i-Akbari.
Discussion: Ways in which historians have used texts to reconstruct history.

Themes in Indian History Part – III
Theme 10 : COLONIALISM AND THE COUNTRYSIDE: Exploring Official Archives
Broad overview: Colonialism and Rural Society: Evidence from Official Reports a) Life of zamindars, peasants and artisans in the late18thcentury b). Permanent Settlement, Santhals and Paharias
Story of official records: An account of why official Investigations in to rural societies were undertaken and the types of records and reports produced.
Excerpts: From Fifth Report
Discussion: What the official records tell and do not tell, and how they have bee n used by historians

Theme 11 : REBELS AND THE RAJ: 1857 Revolt and its Representations
Broad overview: a. The eventsof1857-58. b. Vision of Unity c. How these events were recorded and narrated.
Focus: Lucknow Excerpts: Pictures of 1857.
Extracts from contemporary accounts.
Discussion: How the pictures of 1857 shaped British opinion of what had happened.

Theme 13 : MAHATMA GANDHI AND THE NATIONALIST MOVEMENT: Civil Disobedience and Beyond
Broad overview: a. The Nationalist Movement 1918 -48. b. The nature of Gandhian politics and leadership.
Focus: Mahatma Gandhi and the three movements and his last days as “finest hours”
Excerpts: Reports from English and Indian language newspapers and other contemporary writings.
Discussion: How newspapers can be a source of history.

Theme 15 : FRAMING THE CONSTITUTION: The Beginning of a New Era
Broad overview: The Making of the Constitution an overview: a. Independence and then new nation state. b. The making of the Constitution
Focus: The Constituent Assembly Debates
Excerpts: from the debates
Discussion: What such debates reveal and how they can be analyzed.

Reference : CBSE Academics


CBSE Class 12 History Study Notes

NCERT Text Book Class 12 History – “Themes in Indian History Part-I”
Study Notes Theme 1 ( Bricks , Beads and Bones : The Harappan Civilisation )
Study Notes Theme 2 ( Kings, Farmers and Towns : Early States and Economics )
Study Notes Theme 3 ( Kinship, Caste and Class : Early Societies )
Study Notes Theme 4 ( Thinkers , Beliefs and Buildings : Cultural Developments )

NCERT Text Book Class 12 History – “Themes in Indian History Part-II
Study Notes Theme 5 ( Though the eyes of Travellers : Perceptions of Society )
Study Notes Theme 6 ( Bhakti -Sufi Traditions : Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts )
Study Notes Theme 7 ( An Imperial Capital Vijayanagara )
Study Notes Theme 8 ( Peasants, Zamindars and the State : Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire )
Study Notes Theme 9 ( Kings and Chronicles : The Mughal Courts ) [ Not Included in Syllabus 2022 -23 ]




NCERT Text Book Class 12 History – “Themes in Indian History Part-III
Study Notes Theme 10 ( Colonialism and the Countryside : Exploring Official Archives )
Study Notes Theme 11 ( Rebels and the Raj : The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations )
Study Notes Theme 12 ( Colonial Cities : Urbanisation , Planning and Architecture ) [ Not Included in Syllabus 2022 -23 ]
Study Notes Theme 13 ( Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement : Civil Disobedience and Beyond )
Study Notes Theme 14 ( Understanding Partition : Politics, Memories , Experiences ) [ Not Included in Syllabus 2022 -23 ]
Study Notes Theme 15 ( Framing the Constitution : The Beginning of New Era )


CBSE Class 12 History NCERT Solutions

NCERT Text Book Class 12 History – “Themes in Indian History Part-I”
NCERT Solutions Theme 1 ( Bricks , Beads and Bones : The Harappan Civilisation )
NCERT Solutions Theme 2 ( Kings, Farmers and Towns : Early States and Economics )
NCERT Solutions Theme 3 ( Kinship, Caste and Class : Early Societies )
NCERT Solutions Theme 4 ( Thinkers , Beliefs and Buildings : Cultural Developments )

NCERT Text Book Class 12 History – “Themes in Indian History Part-II
NCERT Solutions Theme 5 ( Though the eyes of Travellers : Perceptions of Society )
NCERT Solutions Theme 6 ( Bhakti -Sufi Traditions : Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts )
NCERT Solutions Theme 7 ( An Imperial Capital Vijayanagara )
NCERT Solutions Theme 8 ( Peasants, Zamindars and the State : Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire )
NCERT Solutions Theme 9 ( Kings and Chronicles : The Mughal Courts ) [ Not Included in Syllabus 2022 -23 ]




NCERT Text Book Class 12 History – “Themes in Indian History Part-III
NCERT Solutions Theme 10 ( Colonialism and the Countryside : Exploring Official Archives )
NCERT Solutions Theme 11 ( Rebels and the Raj : The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations )
NCERT Solutions Theme 12 ( Colonial Cities : Urbanisation , Planning and Architecture ) [ Not Included in Syllabus 2022 -23 ]
NCERT Solutions Theme 13 ( Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement : Civil Disobedience and Beyond )
NCERT Solutions Theme 14 ( Understanding Partition : Politics, Memories , Experiences ) [ Not Included in Syllabus 2022 -23 ]
NCERT Solutions Theme 15 ( Framing the Constitution : The Beginning of New Era )


CBSE Class 12 History Map Work

NCERT Class 12 History Text Book 1 : Themes in Indian History Part I
1. Mature Harappan sites ( Page 2 ) :
Harappa, Banawali, Kalibangan, Balakot, Rakhigarhi, Dholavira, Nageshwar, Lothal, Mohenjodaro, Chanhudaro, KotDiji.

2. Mahajanapada and cities ( Page 30 ) :
Vajji, Magadha, Kosala, Kuru, Panchala, Gandhara, Avanti, Rajgir, Ujjain, Taxila, Varanasi.

3. Distribution of Ashokan inscriptions ( Page 33 ) :
● Kushanas, Shakas, Satavahanas, Vakatakas,Guptas
● Cities/towns: Mathura, Kannauj, Puhar,Braghukachchha
● Pillar inscriptions – Sanchi, Topra, Meerut Pillar and Kaushambi.
● Kingdom of Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas.


4. Important kingdoms and towns ( Page 43 ) :
● Kushanas, Shakas, Satavahanas, Vakatakas,Guptas
● Cities/towns: Mathura, Kanauj, Puhar, Braghukachchha, Shravasti, Rajgir, Vaishali, Varanasi,Vidisha

5. Major Buddhist Sites ( Page 95 ) :
Nagarjunakonda, Sanchi, Amaravati, Lumbini, Nasik, Bharhut, Bodh Gaya, Ajanta.

NCERT Class 12 History Text Book 2 : Themes in Indian History Part II
6 . Page 174
Bidar, Golconda, Bijapur, Vijayanagar, Chandragiri, Kanchipuram, Mysore, Thanjavur, Kolar, Tirunelveli

7 . Territories under Babur, Akbar and Aurangzeb ( Page 214 ):
Delhi, Agra, Panipat, Amber, Ajmer, Lahore, Goa.

NCERT Class 12 History Text Book 3 : Themes in Indian History Part III
8. Territories/cities under British Control in1857 ( Page 297 )

Punjab, Sindh, Bombay, Madras Fort St. David, Masulipatam, Berar, Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Avadh, Surat, Calcutta, Patna, Benaras, Allahabad and Lucknow.

9. Main centres of the Revolt of 1857 ( Page 305 )

Delhi, Meerut, Jhansi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Azamgarh, Calcutta, Benaras, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Agra, Awadh

10. Important centres of the National Movement

Champaran, Kheda, Ahmedabad, Benaras, Amritsar, Chauri Chaura, Lahore, Bardoli, Dandi, Bombay (Quit India Resolution), Karachi.


CBSE Class 12 History Previous Year Question Papers

CBSE Class 12 History Question Paper 2022
CBSE Class 12 History Question Paper 2021
CBSE Class 12 History Question Paper 2020
CBSE Class 12 History Question Paper 2019
CBSE Class 12 History Question Paper 2018
CBSE Class 12 History Question Paper 2017
CBSE Class 12 History Question Paper 2016
CBSE Class 12 History Question Paper 2015
CBSE Class 12 History Question Paper 2014
CBSE Class 12 History Question Paper 2013
CBSE Class 12 History Question Paper 2012
CBSE Class 12 History Question Paper 2011
CBSE Class 12 History Question Paper 2010





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