CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes NCERT Solution Sample Papers

Class 12 Chemistry Study Notes Previous year question papers , sample paper , NCERT Solutions, and all other study material for chemistry subject of class 12th are present here for students and teachers.

Class 12 Chemistry

Higher Secondary is the most crucial stage of school education because specialized discipline-based, content-oriented courses are introduced at this juncture. Students reach this stage after 10 years of general education and opt for Chemistry to pursue their career in basic sciences or professional courses like medicine, engineering, technology and study courses in applied areas of science and technology at the tertiary level.

Class 12 Chemistry consists of the following chapter in the NCERT Text book : The Solid State, Solutions, Electrochemistry, Chemical Kinetics, Surface Chemistry, General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements, The p block elements, The d- and f- Block Elements, Coordination Compounds, Haloalkanes and Haloarenes, Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers, Aldehydes , Ketones and Carboxylic Acids, Amines, Biomolecules , Polymers , Chemistry in Everyday Life

Resource ( Study Material )

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Study Notes
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry NCERT Solutions
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Sample Paper
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Model Test Paper
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Previous Year Question Papers

CBSE Chemistry Class 12th Syllabus 2022-23

Unit II: Solutions
Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, Raoult’s law, colligative properties – relative lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass, Van’t Hoff factor.

Unit III: Electrochemistry
Redox reactions, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity, variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and law of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell-electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells, lead accumulator, fuel cells, corrosion.

Unit IV: Chemical Kinetics
Rate of a reaction (Average and instantaneous), factors affecting rate of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction, rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half-life (only for zero and first order reactions), concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment), activation energy, Arrhenius equation

Unit VIII: d and f Block Elements
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first-row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation, preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
Actinoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.

Unit IX: Coordination Compounds
Coordination compounds – Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Bonding, Werner’s theory, VBT, and CFT; structure and stereoisomerism, the importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological system).

Unit X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes.
Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C–X bond, physical and chemical properties, optical rotation mechanism of substitution reactions.
Haloarenes: Nature of C–X bond, substitution reactions (Directive influence of halogen in monosubstituted compounds only). Uses and environmental effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.

Unit XI: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only), identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.
Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses

Unit XII: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
Aldehydes and Ketones:
Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes, uses.
Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses

Unit XIII: Amines
Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines.
Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

Unit XIV: Biomolecules
Carbohydrates – Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), D-L configuration oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen); Importance of carbohydrates.
Proteins -Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, structure of proteins – primary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
Hormones – Elementary idea excluding structure.
Vitamins – Classification and functions.
Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA.

Reference : CBSE Academics


CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Study Notes

Study Notes Class 12 Chemistry – Part I
Study Notes Chapter 1 ( The Solid State ) [ Not in Syllabus for 2022-23]
Study Notes Chapter 2 ( Solutions )
Study Notes Chapter 3 ( Electrochemistry )
Study Notes Chapter 4 ( Chemical Kinetics )
Study Notes Chapter 5 ( Surface Chemistry ) [ Not in Syllabus for 2022-23]
Study Notes Chapter 6 ( General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements ) [ Not in Syllabus for 2022-23]
Study Notes Chapter 7 ( The p block elements ) [ Not in Syllabus for 2022-23]
Study Notes Chapter 8 ( The d- and f- Block Elements)
Study Notes Chapter 9 ( Coordination Compounds )

Study Notes Class 12 Chemistry – Part II
Study Notes Chapter 10 ( Haloalkanes and Haloarenes )
Study Notes Chapter 11 ( Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers )
Study Notes Chapter 12 ( Aldehydes , Ketones and Carboxylic Acids )
Study Notes Chapter 13 ( Amines )
Study Notes Chapter 14 ( Biomolecules )
Study Notes Chapter 15 ( Polymers ) [ Not in Syllabus for 2022-23]
Study Notes Chapter 16 ( Chemistry in Everyday Life ) [ Not in Syllabus for 2022-23]


CBSE Class 12 Chemistry NCERT Solutions

NCERT Text Book Class 12 Chemistry – Part I
NCERT Solution Chapter 1 ( The Solid State ) [ Not in Syllabus for 2022-23]
NCERT Solution Chapter 2 ( Solutions )
NCERT Solution Chapter 3 ( Electrochemistry )
NCERT Solution Chapter 4 ( Chemical Kinetics )
NCERT Solution Chapter 5 ( Surface Chemistry ) [ Not in Syllabus for 2022-23]
NCERT Solution Chapter 6 ( General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements ) [ Not in Syllabus for 2022-23]
NCERT Solution Chapter 7 ( The p block elements ) [ Not in Syllabus for 2022-23]
NCERT Solution Chapter 8 ( The d- and f- Block Elements)
NCERT Solution Chapter 9 ( Coordination Compounds )

NCERT Text Book Class 12 Chemistry – Part II
NCERT Solution Chapter 10 ( Haloalkanes and Haloarenes )
NCERT Solution Chapter 11 ( Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers )
NCERT Solution Chapter 12 ( Aldehydes , Ketones and Carboxylic Acids )
NCERT Solution Chapter 13 ( Amines )
NCERT Solution Chapter 14 ( Biomolecules )
NCERT Solution Chapter 15 ( Polymers ) [ Not in Syllabus for 2022-23]
NCERT Solution Chapter 16 ( Chemistry in Everyday Life ) [ Not in Syllabus for 2022-23]


CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Previous Year Question Papers

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Question Paper 2022
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Question Paper 2021
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Question Paper 2020
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Question Paper 2019
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Question Paper 2018
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Question Paper 2017
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Question Paper 2016
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Question Paper 2015
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Question Paper 2014
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Question Paper 2013
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Question Paper 2012
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Question Paper 2011
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Question Paper 2010


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