Agriculture Class 10 NCERT Solution Geography Chapter 4

Chapter 4 of Geography Subject of Class 10 is “Agriculture. NCERT Solutions for agriculture class 10 geography chapter 4 are provided on this page.

Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Class 10

Chapter 4 of Class 10 in Geography book is “Agriculture”. The exercise of this chapter consists of the questions about agriculture, Types of farming, Cropping Pattern, ,etc

Geography Chapter 4 – Agriculture [ NCERT Solution ]

Chapter Chapter 4 : Agriculture
SubjectGeography – Social Science
Class 10
Study MaterialNCERT Solution ( Intext and End Exercise )
Number of Questions3 Questions
Text Book NameContemporary India II ( NCERT Text Book for Class 10 )

End Exercise NCERT Solutions

Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Class 10 Question 1 : Multiple choice questions.
(i) Which one of the following describes a system of agriculture where a single crop is grown on a large area?
(a) Shifting Agriculture
(b) Plantation Agriculture
(c) Horticulture
(d) Intensive Agriculture

Answer :
Option [ b ] “Plantation” is correct answer .

(ii) Which one of the following is a rabi crop?
(a) Rice
(c) Millets
(b) Gram
(d) Cotton

Answer :
Option [ a ] “Rice” is correct answer .

(iii) Which one of the following is a leguminous crop?
(a) Pulses
(c) Millets
(b) Jawar
(d) Sesamum

Answer :
Option [ a ] “Pulses” is correct answer .

Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Class 10 Question 2 : Answer the following questions in 30 words.
(i) Name one important beverage crop and specify the geographical conditions required for its growth.

Answer :
Tea is one of the important beverage crop. It is grown in the areas of frequent showers and water should not stand. The tea plantation requires deep fertile well drained soils rich in humus and organic matter. It is grown in the areas of Hills of Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri Districts of West Bengal , Assam, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

(ii) Name one staple crop of India and the regions where it is produced.
Answer :
Rice is the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India. It is grown in the areas of West Bengal, north eastern states specially Assam , coastal areas and in the deltas of rivers.

(iii) Enlist the various institutional reform programmes introduced by the government in the interest of farmers.
Answer :
Immediately after independence following institutional reforms were introduced in India to improve the agriculture.
1. Collective Farming : In this, fields of many farmers were joined together and members , owners worked jointly.
2. Consolidation of land holdings : Fragmented lands due to right to inheritance were again consolidated into a single unit . So that agricultural production can be increased.
3. Abolition of Zamindari system : Under this system , farmers were exploited by landlords and money lender . It was a big hurdle in the progress of agriculture . So the system was abolished and farmers were made owners of the land.

4. Comprehensive land development programs : This program was initiate in 1980’s and 1990’s . Under this program both institutional and technical reforms were introduced .Some of them are given below :-
(a) Provision for crop insurance against drought , flood , cyclone , fire and diseases.
(b) Establishment of Grameen banks, co-operative societies and banks for giving loans to the farmers.
(c) Kisan Credit Card was introduced for easy purchase of inputs.

(d) Personal Accident insurance scheme (PAIS) are some other schemes which are introduced for the benefits of farmers.
(e) Special weather bulletin and agricultural programs for farmers were introduced on the radio and television.
(f) Minimum support Price (MSP) remunerative procurement prices for important crops are being introduced to check the exploitation of farmers by the middle man.

iv) The land under cultivation has got reduced day by day. Can you imagine its consequences?
Answer :
Consequences can be as under :
1. To feed growing population intensive agriculture will be practised . Overuse of fertilizers will lead to soil degradation due to salinization and there will be loss of fertility of the soil.
2. It will reduce the food production. Hence our country has to import food grains.
3. Disguised unemployment will come up in agricultural sector.
4. Agro based industries will not get their raw material . Hence they will have to import them.
5. Cost of food items and other daily use items will also increase.

Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Class 10 Question 3 : Answer the following questions in about 120 words.
(i) Suggest the initiative taken by the government to ensure the increase in agricultural production.

Answer :
Initiative taken by the government to ensure the increase in agricultural production are as follows :
Comprehensive land development program was initiate in 1980’s and 1990’s . Under this program both institutional and technical reforms were introduced.

(a) In this program ,there was a provision for crop insurance against drought , flood , cyclone , fire and diseases.
(b) Government helped in the establishment of Grameen banks, co-operative societies and banks for giving loans to the farmers.
(c) Kisan Credit Card was introduced for easy purchase of inputs.
(d) Minimum support Price (MSP) remunerative procurement prices for important crops are being introduced to check the exploitation of farmers by the middle man.

(ii) Describe the impact of globalisation on Indian agriculture.
Answer :
Under globalisation, particularly after 1990, the farmers in India have been exposed to new challenges. Despite being an important producer of rice, cotton, rubber, tea, coffee, jute and spices our agricultural products are not able to compete with the developed countries because of the highly subsidised agriculture in those countries.

Today, Indian agriculture finds itself at the crossroads. To make agriculture successful and profitable, proper thrust should be given to the improvement of the condition of marginal and small farmers. The green revolution promised much. But today it’s under controversies. It is being alleged that it has caused land degradation due to overuse of chemicals, drying aquifers and vanishing biodiversity. The keyword today is “gene revolution”, which includes genetic engineering.

(iii) Describe the geographical conditions required for the growth of rice.
Answer :
Rice is the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India. It is a kharif crop which requires high temperature, (above 25°C) and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation.
Rice is grown in the plains of north and north-eastern India, coastal areas and the deltaic regions.